In general, Pap smear is for detecting cervical cancer by tracing the abnormalities in the cervix. With the help of introduction, the rate of death due to cervical cancer has been alleviated dramatically. Though cancer expands much progressively yet it can be fatal if left untreated for a long period of time.

This test is effective enough to detect the minimal changes in the cervix. According to the guidelines all women aged between 21 and 65 must undergo Pap smear once in every 3 years. Moreover the women aged between 30 and 65 also undergo the HPV (Human Papillomavirus) screening once in every 5 years at the same time.

It is the main virus that causes cervical cancer. Pap smear is usually performed at the time when you get tested for other STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) especially HIV.

What is expected when abnormality gets detected by Pap smear?

Whenever any abnormal cells in the cervix are found with the help of Pap smear, your healthcare provider will suggest you to perform colposcopy. The process involves the utilisation of the low magnification to get a closer view of the surrounding area of cervix.

After that, biopsy may be recommended too by collecting a small tissue from the cervix for the laboratory examination. Recently, the trace of HPV can be done easily with the help of DNA testing.

DNA testing is also done by collecting the tissue as the sample similarly to that of the Pap smear. Most of the clinics perform this test at the same day when you visit there for Pap smear too.

Availability of the HIV tests

As per the top medical experts, anyone aged within 13 to 64 can get an HIV test once in their lifetime. You can choose anyone from the availed options of at-home testing or getting tested at the office of the healthcare provider. If anyone performs the HIV testing annually, it’s no more a specific test.

Rather than that it becomes a regular part of your routine screening. You must be concerned about your sexual health status and talk with the healthcare provider regarding this. The park can also be put over the right time to perform various STI screenings at the same time.

Basically, the right time depends on the age, behaviours and health status of the individual. There are also other considerable factors as well to determine the perfect time to get tested.    

What are some lab screen tests available for HIV?

If you choose to visit the STI clinic in London, then from the following three options any one test will be performed:

  • An RNA test helps in checking for presence of genetic viral material in the blood
  • An antigen and antibody test helps in detecting the HIV-related protein in the blood
  • An antibody test that uses both saliva or blood for detecting the proteins which produced by the immune system due to the response of HIV

Nowadays, advanced rapid tests never require analysing of the results in the lab. It effectively checks the antibodies and can provide you with the result within 30 minutes. Primary test will be performed with the help of antigen/antibody test but blood tests can even detect antigen of lower level relatively much better than that of the saliva samples.

It clearly depicts that blood tests can detect HIV sooner. If you are found as positive, follow-up will be performed immediately to detect whether it is HIV-2 or HIV-1. It is more likely to be performed with the help of the immunoblot test.

Is there any home tests screening available for HIV?

Varied at-home HIV screening test kits are widely available throughout the country. With the help of these kits, you have to collect the pinprick of blood as the sample and send it to the recognised lab for HIV detection. You can also collect swab of saliva as sample and can send it to the lab as sample.

It will consume maximum 2 days to provide you with the report. If the report is positive it is highly advisable to consult with your healthcare provider for retesting to get the confirmation. Rather than blood sample, saliva is more effective in giving the accurate results. Sometimes, results can be obtained within 20 minutes at the same time.

What can highly concerned people about HIV do?

Early test is the prime way to get the right treatment on time. According to the top medical experts, everyone should get tested for HIV detection once in their lifetime.  By this way, your doctor can trace the abnormality that weakens the immune system.

Rather being uncompromising, the treatment will be provided as earliest as possible. If you observe any risk factors of HIV then you must undergo the necessary assessment. You can go for either at-home testing kit or fixing an appointment with your healthcare provider to perform the lab test.

At last, if you find that the report of the at-home testing is positive, you must ask your healthcare provider to confirm the result. By comparing the two reports, necessary steps will be determined accordingly to treat your issue (if found).