What’s that pattern you witness on the tyres of your car?

It’s not just an impulse of creative drive on the tyre manufacturer but has some real purpose. If you still don’t know what exactly we mean by ‘tread pattern’, you must recall those tyre advertisements that usually give an odd satisfaction, watching the beautifully patterned tyres running on the roads in close up? The part of the tyre that makes a contact with the surface of the road, is the ‘tread’. It is the various patterns, or grooves, carved on the tread, that we talk of.

The performance of your vehicle’s tyre depends a lot on these patterns. The grip of the tyre with the surface of the road depends on these tread patterns, largely. Thus, it becomes important to have the necessary knowledge about what saves you from slipping on a rainy day.

Tread Depth and Tread Pattern

Tyre Tread Depth

Tread ‘depth’ must not be confused with tread ‘pattern’. Tread depth is the vertical measurement between the topmost layer of the tread rubber and the tyre’s deepest grooves. Though it’s always recommended to use tyres with the same tread pattern, using a variant pattern is admissible only if the vehicle manufacturer specifies the acceptability.

In the sections below, we will look at various types of tread patterns and the elements that must be considered when talking about the ‘tyre tread pattern’ in general.

Types of Tread Pattern

Symmetric Tread Pattern

Symmetric Tread Pattern

It’s one of the most commonly used tread patterns. The outer and inner sides of the tread are symmetric, forming a mirror image. The tyres Ollerton with a symmetric tread pattern are often called “multi-directional”, precisely because the tyres can be mounted on the wheel and rotated in any direction, without affecting the performance really. The rotation method used can be of any type- modified X, full X or front-to-back.

Asymmetric Tread Pattern

Asymmetric Tread Pattern

This type of pattern is usually found on passenger tyres. The inner and the outer halves of the tyre tread are designed with variant tyre blocks and channels. It enables water dispersal, dry grip and snow contraction. thus making the performance of the tyre much better. It can be rotated in multiple ways and patterns.

Directional Tread Pattern

Directional Tread Pattern

Patterns consciously constructed for uni-directional usage are known as directional tread patterns. We can say a V-shaped tread pattern tyre is a directional tread pattern, in which the tyre moves water from under the surface helping with the enhancement of hydroplaning resistance at higher speeds. They are thus often found in winter tyres and the ones that demand high performance. These type of tyres Mansfield can only be rotated using a front-to-back and back-to-front pattern only.

Elements of Tyre Tread

The five basic elements of the tread pattern are cross slots, ribs, sipes, tread blocks and grooves.

  • Grooves: these are the channels that run circumferentially around the tyres.
  • Tread Blocks: raised rubber segments that make contact with the road surface.
  • Cross Slots: channels that provide extra water evacuation.
  • Sipes: small slits that increase the number of biting edges, increasing all-season


  • Tread Ribs: composed of tread blocks, it is the raised section of the tread pattern.

Tyres a key component of your car, without which mobility would just be a myth. Irrespective of how busy you might be, it should be the paramount importance to care for your tyres. If not now, then you can be sure to feel the adverse effects, possibly a puncture or tyre burst, out of the blue one day.

Avoid this unnecessary headache by visiting us at Farnsfield Auto Centre. Our professionals are some of the best in town that can provide you with, both, value-for-money services and products and valuable pieces of advice. They’ll be more than happy to help you out.


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