Calcium citrate is a salt of citric acid and calcium; an organic compound that is naturally found in all citrus fruits and is the reason behind the sour taste of such fruits. In food products, calcium citrate is often used as food additives or preservatives or sometimes solely for the sake of flavor.

The importance of calcium in our body to maintain the health of our bones and aid in blood clotting are well documented. A deficiency in calcium can lead to osteoporosis (bone loss), osteomalacia (weak or rickety bones), hypoparathyroidism, latent tetany, and so on.Moreover, calcium is necessary for the proper functioning of muscles, nerve cells, and so on. This is where the benefits of calcium citrate come in:

Calcium citrate, used as a medication to supplement calcium, can prevent bone disorders resulting from low calcium levels.

It is given to nursing, pregnant, or menopausal women to make sure they are getting the necessary amount of calcium especially if they are on medications like phenytoin, phenobarbital, or prednisone.

Calcium intake for those who have a deficiency has been studied to show that it reduces blood pressure. The intake of calcium citrate as a calcium supplement, therefore, can help reduce blood pressure.

Calcium citrate can help regulate the level of phosphates in our body. Excess absorption of phosphate is hazardous for the body, and when calcium citrate binds with phosphates, it reduces the amount that can be freely absorbed and helps in its excretion.

Calcium citrate is shown to have better scope in having the body absorbs calcium than any other salt form of calcium, which makes it the ideal compound to be used as a supplement.

Calcium citrate is easier to digest than calcium carbonate, which is equally abundant in the body, making calcium from calcium citrate easier to absorb. Studies show that regular intake of calcium or calcium supplements like calcium citrate can reduce the risk for colorectal cancer.

Recommended Intake
Calcium citrate is taken orally with or without food. The recommended dosage consumed should be according to the direction on the package of the product or in accordance with the directions of a doctor. If the tablet is chewable, then be sure to chew it well before it is swallowed. For effervescent tablets, make sure they are fully dissolved in the recommended amount of water before drinking.

If the product is in the form of a liquid or a powder, then appropriate measuring devices should be used to measure the quantity of the medicine intake. Consuming the required dosage according to a doctor’s instructions is necessary for any diet plans, exercise, dosage quantity, and dosage timing and frequency. Unnecessary dosages without consulting a doctor are ill-advised.

In Industry
Calcium citrate is an intermediary product used in the isolation process of citric acid under industrial settings. A broth solution containing citric acid is neutralized with calcium hydroxide and when the acid reacts with the base; both calcium citrate and water are produced. This calcium citrate can then be refined and sold as it is or used to extract citric acid with the use of dilute sulfuric acid.

Calcium citrate is used as both a medical supplement as well as a preservative. Calcium supplement tablets are often sold over-the-counter with specific intake instructions but the production and distribution of the compound must follow the requisite guidelines of the Food and Drug Administration. Calcium citrate is also available in generic drug combinations that may be more affordable than those sold by branded drug manufacturing companies.

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